Melanoma a type of skin cancer that arises from melanocytes which is pigment-producing cells, mutate and become cancerous. this is the most common type of skin cancer but very serious if avoided. Melanoma, are also called as malignant melanoma, develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes. It basically occurs in the skin and rarely in the mouth, intestines, or eye. Many Individuals with low levels of skin pigment when expose to ultra violet light get affected very easily with Melanoma. The use of sunscreen and avoiding UV light may prevent melanoma disease to a very larger extent. Further treatment is done by removal by surgery.